Home · Kontakt · Impressum
contents index previous up next
Next: 12.2 GRUB Up: 12.1 Bootvorgang und Starten Previous: 12.1.2 Linux startet

12.1.3 dmesg

Der Befehl dmesg gibt letzten Meldungen des Kernels aus. In den meisten Fällen wird er dazu benutzt um sie die Bootmeldungen nach dem Starten des Systems noch einmal in Ruhe anzuschauen.

dmesg [OPTIONEN]

Hier noch ein Beispiel für die vom Kernel gelieferten Meldungen über den Startvorgang.

root@defiant:/ > dmesg
Linux version 2.2.14 (root@defiant) (gcc version 2.95.2 19991024) #2 Wed Jul 26 20:49:06 MEST 2000
Detected 365818579 Hz processor.
Console: colour VGA+ 80x25
Calibrating delay loop... 730.73 BogoMIPS
Memory: 62800k/65472k available (1280k kernel code, 412k reserved, 936k data, 44k init, 0k bigmem)
Dentry hash table entries: 8192 (order 4, 64k)
Buffer cache hash table entries: 65536 (order 6, 256k)
Page cache hash table entries: 16384 (order 4, 64k)
CPU: Intel Celeron (Mendocino) stepping 0a
Checking 386/387 coupling... OK, FPU using exception 16 error reporting.
Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
POSIX conformance testing by UNIFIX
PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xf0200
PCI: Using configuration type 1
PCI: Probing PCI hardware
Linux NET4.0 for Linux 2.2
Based upon Swansea University Computer Society NET3.039
NET4: Unix domain sockets 1.0 for Linux NET4.0.
NET4: Linux TCP/IP 1.0 for NET4.0
IP Protocols: ICMP, UDP, TCP, IGMP
TCP: Hash tables configured (ehash 65536 bhash 65536)
Initializing RT netlink socket
Starting kswapd v 1.5 
Detected PS/2 Mouse Port.
pty: 256 Unix98 ptys configured
apm: BIOS version 1.2 Flags 0x0f (Driver version 1.12)
Real Time Clock Driver v1.09
loop: registered device at major 7
Uniform Multi-Platform E-IDE driver Revision: 6.30
ide: Assuming 40MHz system bus speed for PIO modes; override with idebus=xx
ALI15X3: IDE controller on PCI bus 00 dev 78
ALI15X3: not 100% native mode: will probe irqs later
ALI15X3: simplex device:  DMA disabled
ide0: ALI15X3 Bus-Master DMA disabled (BIOS)
ALI15X3: simplex device:  DMA disabled
ide1: ALI15X3 Bus-Master DMA disabled (BIOS)
hda: IBM-DBCA-204860, ATA DISK drive
hdc: CD-224E, ATAPI CDROM drive
ide0 at 0x1f0-0x1f7,0x3f6 on irq 14
ide1 at 0x170-0x177,0x376 on irq 15
hda: IBM-DBCA-204860, 4645MB w/420kB Cache, CHS=592/255/63
hdc: ATAPI 24X CD-ROM drive, 128kB Cache
Uniform CDROM driver Revision: 2.56
Floppy drive(s): fd0 is 1.44M
FDC 0 is a National Semiconductor PC87306
scsi0 : SCSI host adapter emulation for IDE ATAPI devices
scsi : 1 host.
scsi : detected total.
Partition check:
 hda: hda1 hda2 < hda5 > hda3 hda4
VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem) readonly.
Freeing unused kernel memory: 44k freed
Adding Swap: 128516k swap-space (priority -1)
Serial driver version 4.27 with HUB-6 MANY_PORTS MULTIPORT SHARE_IRQ enabled
ttyS00 at 0x03f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A

  © 2004 by IT-Dozent Ole Vanhoefer · Zum Seitenanfang